Orange, Bitter Red - Organic EO

Citrus aurantium var. amara (synonym of Citrus x aurantium L.)


The round, lumpy fruits of Citrusaurantium var. amara are born green, become yellowish and finally red at the height of ripeness. The essential oil produced at this stage represents the most mature expression of the fruit peel known as Bitter Orange, Red.


Selected size SKU:699-016 - Orange, Bitter Red - Organic 15 ml (1/2 oz) (w/ orifice reducer)

Sample 1 ml (1/30 oz)
15 ml (1/2 oz)
30 ml (1 oz)
59.14 ml (2 oz)
118.29 ml (4 oz)
236.58 ml (8 oz)
473.17 ml (16 oz)
1 kg (2 1/5 lb)
Solubility & Blending Suggestions
Suggested Resources
Safety Considerations
Certificates of Analysis (COA)

Product Overview

The round, lumpy fruits of Citrus aurantium var. amara are born green, become yellowish and finally red at the height of ripeness. The essential oil produced at this stage represents the most mature expression of the fruit peel known as Bitter Orange, Red. Ours is organic and has a tart, fresh orange aroma with soft green notes, a mildly dry, 'bitter' pithy note, and lightly sweet, floral undertones; it adds an interesting note to natural perfume formulations.

Bitter Orange, also known as Seville Orange and Bigarade, is a sturdy, evergreen citrus species that is indigenous to India and is cultivated in Spain, Sicily, Morocco, the southern US and the Caribbean – diverse regions with similar climates. Citrus aurantium var. amara is a hybrid of Citrus maxima (pomelo) and Citrus reticulata (mandarin) and is the preferred fruit used for natural perfumery. Along with Neroli (Orange Blossom) and Petitgrain Bigarade (Orange Leaf) essential oils and absolutes, Bitter Orange has one of the three important aromas derived from Citrus aurantium var. amara.

Limonene is the primary constituent (up to 95%) in Citrus aurantium; along with other citrusy terpenes, esters, coumarins and oxides, it is responsible for the sparkling fresh, tart, fruity green aroma. As described by Steffen Arctander, its aroma is "fresh and yet 'bitter' in the sense of 'dry', but with a rich and lasting, sweet undertone… overall, the odor is distinctly different from that of other citrus oils. It is a different type of freshness, [with] a peculiar floral undertone…"[1] Natural perfumer Ayala Moriel appraises Bitter Orange oil as a flower’s best friend, having "…excellent uplifting qualities … [it] blends beautifully with florals, showcasing their beauty like no other citrus does." It may be for its distinctly different aroma that Bitter Orange seems to be preferred in many high-end perfumes.

1 Arctander, Steffen. Perfume and Flavor Materials of Natural Origin, 1960, p. 480.

2 Ibid.

3 Lawless, Alec. Artisan Perfumery or Being Led by the Nose, 2009, p. 66.

4 Tisserand, Robert and Rodney Young. Essential Oil Safety, 2nd ed., 2014, p. 371.

Blends Well With


2 Reviews


Customer Reviews

Bitter orange- unusual blend


I found the bitter orange to have a uplifting, ripe, sweet orange scent. While trying samples, I mixed 3 drops of fir balsam absolute 10% with 10 drops of Bitter orange red. The result was a smooth sweet orange based fragrance.

Review by Liona 5/8/2013

Bright and wonderful


I love all the bitter orange oils from EB for different reasons. This red bitter orange is extremely bright and cheerful. It has such a wonderful aroma that is smells a bit like candy to me. Not in a bad way. These bitter orange oils all have a lovely green fresh floral note that is subtle and lilting. Just really great. I love this oil for natural perfumery! Tracy

Review by Aroma Artisan 4/30/2013

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