Bergamot FCF EO

Citrus aurantium var. bergamia (synonym of Citrus x aurantium L.)

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Our Bergamot FCF* essential oil is bergapten-free - a welcome addition to skincare with no photosensitizing effects. It has a very fresh, light, tangy citrus aroma with crisp green notes and a very

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Selected size SKU:129-3 - Bergamot FCF Sample (1 ml)

Sample 3 grams (0.10 oz)
$ 2.00
$2.00
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Product Overview

Our Bergamot FCF* essential oil is bergapten-free - a welcome addition to skincare with no photosensitizing effects. It has a very fresh, light, tangy citrus aroma with crisp green notes and a very faint floral undertone. The juicy, well-rounded aroma of Bergamot is a welcome and indispensable component of even the most basic essential oil collection. It is one of the most commonly used essential oils in perfumery where it adds a rich top note, especially in Eau de Cologne types; when combined with Neroli and Lemon, it produces an initial “fresh fragrance” impression.[1] It is also the legendary perfume of Earl Grey tea.[2]

A member of the Rutaceae family originating either in Northern Italy or the Canary Islands,[5] the Citrus aurantium var. bergamia tree produces small, somewhat bitter, round, knobby fruits, the peels of which are pressed for their aromatic oil. Trees were later cultivated in the Calabria region of southern Italy which now produces about 90% of the world’s supply of Bergamot oil.

 

For many citrus fruits, the peel is expressed (or distilled) for the oil while the pulp is later extracted for the juice – added value and minimum waste being two good reasons for the oil and juice businesses to co-exist. In fact, most of the time, it is the same producer that extracts both the oil and the juice. With Bergamot essential oil, the situation is somewhat different. In more recent years, the food industry’s demand for whole fruit has been increasing, a phenomenon that has made it more difficult for essential oil producers to find the raw material, resulting in higher prices. The extraction of all our Bergamot essential oils is the primary business for our producers with citrus juice being a by-product.[6]

 

Citrus peel oils, like the coniferous needle oils, are predominantly composed of the highly volatile monoterpenes limonene and pinene – the perfect top note molecules perfumers commonly rely on. However, Bergamot oil is the only citrus peel oil with the distinction of containing up to 30% of the fruity-woody-floral ester linalyl acetate - a valuable antioxidant also found in Lavender. Renowned aromatherapist Patricia Davis states: “The fragrance is equally acceptable to men and women, and it blends with almost any flower oil, giving it considerable versatility.[7] Bergamot oil has a wide spectrum of applications in addition to being greatly valued for its calming and balancing properties – its fresh, sweet, citrus aroma is very pleasing and especially uplifting to the spirit.

 

*FCF (furanocoumarin-free) refers to the chemical constituent(s) responsible for extreme sensitization of the skin to sunlight that has been removed from the essential oil[8]; in the case of Bergamot oil, the specific furanocoumarin is bergapten.[9]Bergamot FCF is one of the few citrus peel oils that has the benefit of wearability in both perfumes and body oils without the potential risk of phototoxicity. In every other way, the applications for Bergamot FCF are the same as for Bergamot (whole) essential oil.

1 Williams, David G. Perfumes of Yesterday, 2004, p. 176.

2 Green, Mindy. Natural Perfumes - Simple Aromatherapy Recipes, 1999, p. 33.

3 Arctander, Steffen. Perfume and Flavor Materials of Natural Origin, 1960, pp. 91-4.

4 Tisserand, Robert and Rodney Young. Essential Oil Safety, 2nd ed., 2014, pp. 211-212.

5 Sellar, Wanda. The Directory of Essential Oils, 1992, p. 16.

6 Industry communication.

7 Davis, Patricia. Aromatherapy: An A-Z, 2005, pp. 56.

8 Bowles, E. Joy. The Chemistry of Aromatherapeutic Oils, 3rd ed., 2003, pp. 108-9.

9 Industry communication.

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