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About Essential Oils

Lavender Oil | Sandalwood Oil | Patchouli Oil | Agarwood Oil | Organic Essential Oils | CO2 Extracts

Eden Botanicals offers some of the highest quality wholesale essential oils in the business – our specialty is offering the best quality, pure essential oils available at fair and reasonable pricing. What this means to our customers is that they are assured that they will be getting excellent quality essential oils at pricing that is typically less than many of our competitors. The price difference that you may see if you compare some retail sellers of essential oils and Eden Botanicals is not reflective of quality. Rather it is in the mark-up or the percentage increase in price at which the bulk essential oils are sold after being poured into small bottles for their customers. We sell wholesale essential oils in bulk packaging (amber essential oils bottles with full and proper labeling) in all sizes, rather than just in small bottles. This allows us to serve the home-buying end user looking for healing oils (therapeutic grade essential oils) and to also serve large corporate customers looking for larger quantities of bulk essential oils for a whole variety of uses and purposes.

Whatever your intended use, these highly concentrated healing oils for aromatherapy and natural raw materials (absolutes, essential oils, and specialty oils) for the natural perfume industry, they will delight you and serve the purposes for which you intend them. Essential oil uses are varied and many – body care product manufacture, aromatherapy and healing oil needs, and production of natural perfumes for the healing of emotions or increasing sensual delights, among others.

Highly aromatic substances, essential oils – known as essences (from the original idea of the essence or “spirit” of the plant) – are produced in the cells of aromatic plants and are held in specialized glands or cells. These essences are scientifically termed secondary metabolites, whereas they are commonly called essential oils when they are released from the plants through distillation or other extraction techniques. It is interesting to note that many essential oils are actually comprised of hundreds of individual chemical constituents, and that many of them may not be aromatic at all. Also, when learning about the chemistry of essential oils, you will find that many constituents are found in relatively large proportions and often in many different essential oils from a whole variety of plant species. For instance, we often see linalool (aka linalol), limonene, geranial, pinene, etc. in many essential oils obtained from plants of very diverse plant families.

While steam distillation is the most common method used to extract pure essential oils, there are many other methods. Most notably we find that many citrus peel essential oils, such as lemon, orange, grapefruit, tangerine, etc., are expressed rather than distilled. Expressed essential oils from citrus peels are produced by an easy method of collecting and concentrating the essential oil – the peels are collected, washed and then pressed. The resulting liquid is separated into the essential oil and water fractions. Sometimes these expressed citrus peel essential oils are distilled and perhaps redistilled to create citrus essential oils with different properties that can be applied to many different uses.

Other methods used to create pure essential oils are dry or vacuum distillation, molecular distillation, hydro (or water distillation) or water / steam distillation (a combination of steam and water distillation). Please see our pure essential oil / therapeutic grade essential oil web page for more information on the processes used to extract these wonderful aromatic and healing oils from nature’s treasure chest.

For a plant, the pure essential oil contained in the plant’s tissues and released into the air has multiple uses. The plant uses these essential oils to attract insects to help with pollination, or repel insects and animals to keep them from being eaten, for protection against disease or healing of wounds, or for the healing of a disease process that has already begun, etc. Some researchers have even theorized that one of the many uses for which plants create essential oils is to attract humans to use and subsequently propagate the plants for their ability to heal or provide medicine, etc. (for instance, see writings by Michael Pollan). In return for the plants providing useful healing agents, flavoring materials, incense, etc. in the form of the aromatic oils (so the theory goes), the plants benefit from the propagation, planting and care that humans provide. While this may seem far-fetched to some, is it really that different than a plant’s ability to attract insects in order to achieve pollination of its flowers?

For humans, essential oils derived from plants have multiple purposes that range from olfactory delight, mood transformations, and flavoring of foods and beverages to simple and astounding restorations in physical and emotional well-being.

Essential oils are volatile oils that evaporate and oxidize rapidly when exposed to the air. Essential oils also deteriorate when exposed to light and heat, thus the necessity to keep them from heat and in dark, tightly sealed glass containers with as little as possible head (air) space inside the container. And contrary to their designation as oils, they are often times light and non-greasy (and in the scientific sense they are not “oils” at all).

Although the distillation method is the most well known technique for extracting essential oils from plants, there are several other methods that are used to remove and concentrate the aromatic constituents from plant materials. Here at Eden Botanicals we have embraced these alternate methods for their ability to capture unique aromas and natural scents as well as the therapeutic characteristics contained in the plants’ essence.

Eden Botanicals specializes in rare and precious oils that are hard to find! For example, we carry cultivated Agarwood CO2 and Champaca CO2 extracts, certified organic extracts of Jasmine, Carnation and Rose, Pink Lotus and Tuberose absolutes, while also carrying more common essential oils such as Lavender, Rose and Jasmine and organic Tea Tree oil, Peppermint, Eucalyptus, etc. Whether you are looking for therapeutic grade essential oils for aromatherapy applications, fine perfumery quality absolutes for creating natural perfumes, or you simply love essential oils and aromatic plant oils and essences, you have come to the right place. We guarantee all of our essential oils, and we always offer excellent quality, fair pricing, complete information on each oil that we sell, and expert customer service.

Eden Botanicals is happy to offer several types of extracted aromatic oils for you to choose from. The primary types of oils we carry are distilled and expressed essential oils, CO2 extracted oils, organically extracted oils (our organic extracts), specialty extracts and 10% dilutions. Each extraction method (or type of oil) offers some benefit over other methods and so we would like to give you an introduction into the varieties of natural botanical essential oils and extracts available to you.

Which essential oil / extract is right for you?

 

Essential Oils

Essential oils are produced in the cells of aromatic plants and are held in specialized glands. They are released from the plant and collected (concentrated) most often through steam distillation (and sometimes hydro or water distillation or a combination thereof). Other methods used to create pure essential oils are dry or vacuum distillation, destructive distillation, and expression (for citrus peels). Essential oils are volatile oils (as opposed to fixed [or vegetable] oils) and they do volatize (evaporate) rapidly especially when compared to the fixed or vegetable oils. And although the steam distillation method is the most well known technique for extracting the essential oil from plants, there are several other methods that are used to remove and concentrate the aromatic constituents from plant materials. Here at Eden Botanicals we have embraced these other methods for their ability to capture unique aromas and natural scents as well as the therapeutic quality of plants.

Absolutes

Absolutes are concentrated aromatic oils extracted from plants. Typically, absolutes are used in perfumery rather than for aromatherapy, because they are extracted using chemical solvents, usually hexane (used to make a concrete) and then ethyl alcohol (to remove the plant waxes and other constituents). This two-step process results in a wonderfully aromatic liquid (although some absolutes are semi-solid) that displays an aroma profile often quite similar to the original plant except more concentrated and potent. As mentioned above, the best use for absolutes is to create natural perfumes. They may be blended with essential oils, CO2 extracts, and other types of extracted aromatic oils in alcohol or in a fixed oil such as Jojoba oil. They can also be used for solid perfumes by combining your aromatic blend in beeswax or a plant wax such as candelilla wax. The difference between an absolutes and a pure essential oil is that the pure essential oil contains only the essential oil portion of the plant, whereas the absolute contains the essential oil from the plant plus more coloring constituents, plant waxes and other constituents from the plant. In addition, an absolute usually contains a small percentage of alcohol remaining from the second phase of the extraction process (typically up to 2 or 3 percent).

CO2 extracts

CO2 extracts display some of the characteristics of both essential oils and absolutes. They are extracted using CO2 (carbon dioxide) gas under pressure at ambient temperatures. Depending on the pressure used, a select or total extract will result. Select means that a lower pressure is used and total means that a higher pressure is used. Select extracts are more similar to essential oils in that they are usually fully mobile liquids and essential oils make up the vast majority of the extract. Total extracts contain more constituents of the plant and are more full-spectrum or more closely resemble the constituents of the whole plant rather than just the essential oil fraction of the plant.

Because of the purity of CO2 extracts and because they display some very favorable characteristics not found in essential oils, CO2 extracts are primarily used by the food, body care, and herbal industries, yet CO2 extracts are also excellent for aromatherapy and natural perfumery. This extraction technique (more accurately called supercritical CO2 extraction) is a relatively new and expensive technology that is more efficient in some ways than steam distillation because the process has the ability to capture a broader spectrum of the plant components, giving a fragrance more true to the original plant material without the use of chemical solvents. Other benefits are that the extraction process happens at lower temperatures than steam distillation and that carbon dioxide is nontoxic, odorless, and is easily removed from the extracted oil at the end of the process.

Organic Extracts

Eden Botanicals also specializes in bringing you some of the finest organic extracts available. Our organic extracts are made using new technology that is similar to the ancient method of extracting an enfleurage from precious flower petals. The extraction process uses only certified organic solvents such as fixed oils and alcohol to coax the aromatic essence out of the plant material. The resulting bio-available essence, extracted without added heat, has captured the marvelous aroma of the original plant material. We are one of a select few in North America who carry the organic extracts made from Rose, Jasmine, Carnation, Tuberose, Vanilla, etc. We think that the best uses of these pure and delightful essences are for body care and aromatherapy due to the ‘aliveness’ of the essences. However, natural perfumers who wish to create organic perfumes will also love these oils. This new technology, for the first time allows Jasmine oil to be used for true aromatherapy purposes, whereas previously it had only been available as an absolute and therefore had not been commended for therapeutic applications.

Other "types" of Essential Oils

We carry a few other types of natural aromatic oils that have been extracted using other processes. These include natural exudates and resins (or resinoids). These aromatic essences are collected from the resin that oozes out of the bark of trees when the trees are tapped (like rubber trees or maple trees [for maple syrup]). We also usually have a traditional attar or two. Indian attars are traditional distillations of flowers or other plant parts into a receiving vessel of Sandalwood oil. The resulting attar is actually a blend of Sandalwood oil and the other distilled plant (which will give the name to the attar). Another type of aromatic oil we offer comes from the traditional destructive distillation method that gives rise to Choya Loban, an oil unique to India and used for its smokey, leathery aroma. In destructive distillation, the starting material (such as Benzoin resin) is super heated and cooked until an oil is obtained from the solid starting material. Thus an oil can be obtained from something that didn’t really have oil in it in the first place. We also offer 10% dilutions which are pure essential oils or absolutes diluted in Fractionated Coconut Oil. Our 10% dilutions are inexpensive ways to experience some of the more rare and precious oils that we offer. They contain 10% of the essential oil or absolute oil and 90% Fractionated Coconut Oil. We use Fractionated Coconut oil due to its extremely long shelf live (longer than Jojoba oil!), its clear and odorless nature, its soft and silky texture and its value to the skin.

Purity and Guarantee

All of our essential oils are pure, natural and undiluted (except for our 10% dilutions). As such, they are quite potent and should be diluted before use. We recommend that you familiarize yourself with the safe use of essential oils and dilute them accordingly. Please respect the power of these highly concentrated botanical extracts and follow the proper guidelines, cautions and dilution rates. Never allow children to play with pure essential oils, keep them away from the eyes and sensitive skin areas, always dilute them prior to use, and use them for external use only for their aromatherapy benefits, natural perfumes, etc.

We search long and hard to bring to you the best of the oils available, and go through an elaborate selection process. We take into consideration the quality of the oil, the various uses, properties and values it holds for your needs, and finally - we make every effort to offer it to you at a fair and affordable price. We import most of our essential oils, absolutes and extracts directly from the distillers in various parts of the world. We have built strong relationships with many of the best distillers around the world, and yet continually seek out new and exciting essential oils to offer. All of our oils are available in sample sizes, so as to enable you to experience and evaluate them prior to purchasing larger quantities. Additionally, all of our products are 100% satisfaction guaranteed.